In the late 1850s, when Rossini was composing only for his own private pleasure, he wrote a little elegy for Double Bass and Piano that he entitled “Une Larme” (“a tear”). Its theme also served as the basis for a larger-scale set of variations for Cello and Piano. The importance that Rossini ascribed to this short piece for Double Bass is demonstrated not least by the fact that he made a richly ornamented dedication copy of it in 1858. This hitherto little-known source is in Russia and has now been consulted for the first-ever time for a critical Urtext edition. As in Henle’s other Urtext editions for this instrument, the Double Bass specialist Tobias Glöckler has prepared a version in solo tuning and orchestral tuning and added fingerings and bowings to the solo part.